A. Writer: The writer of Hebrews is not identified by name. 1. Possible writers include Luke, Barnabas, Apollos, etc. 2. Evidence suggests that Paul may have been the writer. a. (10:34) The writer had been in bonds (Colossians 4:3, 18). b. (13:23) The writer was acquainted with Timothy (Philippians 2:19-23). c. (13:24) "They of Italy" are mentioned (Acts 28:16, 30-31). B. Purpose: This letter refers to itself as a "word of exhortation" (13:22). 1. Its message is designed to encourage Christians to remain faithful to Christ (3:12-13). 2. A key expression is "let us" (4:1, 11, 14, 16; 6:1; 10:22-24; 12:1; 13:13, 15). C. Theme: The theme of Hebrews is "the superiority of Christ." 1. Christ is highly exalted throughout the letter, and His covenant is shown to be far greater than the old covenant. 2. A key word is "better." a. (1:4) Christ is better than the angels. b. (7:22) Jesus was made a surety of a better testament. c. (8:6) Christ is the mediator of a better covenant that was established upon better promises.
A. (ch.1-4:13) The superiority of Christ as God's spokesman 1. (1:1-3) Christ is superior to the prophets. 2. (1:4-ch.2) He is superior to the angels. 3. (ch.3-4:13) He is superior to Moses and Joshua. B. (4:14-ch.10) The superiority of Christ as High Priest 1. (4:14-5:10) Jesus is a great High Priest. 2. (5:11-ch.6) The need for spiritual growth is stressed. 3. (ch.7-10) Information is presented which proves that Christ's priesthood is superior to the Jewish priesthood. C. (ch.11-13) The superiority of the Christian faith 1. (ch.11) Faith is explained and illustrated. 2. (ch.12) Christians are exhorted to persevere. 3. (ch.13) In order to persevere, Christians must fulfill their responsibilities.
III. IMPORTANT POINTS OF INFORMATION REVEALED IN HEBREWS
A. Jesus is God's spokesman today (1:1-3). B. His Word is the new covenant (8:6-13). C. Christ died in order for His new covenant to become effective (9:15-17). D. The Lord wants to help His followers (4:14-16). E. God wants His children to become teachers (5:11-14). F. The great salvation offered in the new covenant must not be neglected (2:1-3). G. Falling away from Christ is a serious offense (10:26-31). H. God chastens those whom He loves (12:5-11).