1. The first section (1:1-4:13) emphasizes "the superiority of Christ as God's spokesman." 2. The second section (4:14-ch.10) emphasizes "the superiority of Christ as High Priest." a. (4:14-5:10) Christ is shown to be a great High Priest. b. One reason why Christ is a great High Priest is because He was called after the order of Melchisedec (5:6, 10). 3. Before discussing the relationship between Christ and Melchisedec in ch.7, the writer stressed the need for spiritual growth (5:11-ch.6).
I. (5:11-14) SPIRITUAL IMMATURITY IS STRONGLY REBUKED
A. (vs.11) The relationship between Christ and Melchisedec was difficult to explain because the Hebrew Christians were spiritually immature. B. 8 marks of spiritual immaturity include: 1. being dull of hearing (Matthew 13:15) 2. not being able to teach others 3. forgetting the first principles 4. being unskilled in the use of God's Word 5. being a babe 6. failing to grow spiritually 7. failing to exercise the spiritual senses 8. not being able to discern between good and evil.
II. (ch.6) CHRISTIANS ARE ENCOURAGED TO OVERCOME SPIRITUAL IMMATURITY
A. (6:1-3) Christians are admonished to: 1. leave [go beyond] the principles of the doctrine of Christ 2. go on to perfection (1 Peter 2:1-3; Ephesians 4:11-16; Philippians 3:12-16). B. (6:4-8) Christians must understand the consequences of falling away. C. (6:9-20) A message of encouragement is given. 1. (vs.9-12) God will not forget acts of service offered in His name (Matthew 10:42; 25:40). 2. (vs.13-20) The certainty of God's promises gives hope. a. (vs.13-14) God made a promise to Abraham (Genesis 22:16-18). b. (vs.15) After patiently enduring, Abraham obtained this promise. c. (vs.16-20) Because God's promises are dependable, Christians have hope "as an anchor of the soul, both sure and steadfast."