The Psalms 08
1. The Psalms deserve our careful attention because:
a. they are part of the Old Testament Scriptures (Luke 24:44)
b. they "were written for our learning" (Romans 15:4).
2. In this lesson we are examining Psalm 51, "David's prayer for forgiveness."
3. Before studying Psalm 51, let us review the reasons why David's prayer was necessary.
a. (2 Samuel 11:2-3) David first coveted another man's wife (Exodus 20:17).
b. (2 Samuel 11:4) David committed adultery with Bathsheba (Exodus 20:14).
c. (2 Samuel 11:5-17) David had Uriah killed (Exodus 20:13).
d. David's deeds "displeased the Lord" (2 Samuel 11:27b).
e. (2 Samuel 12:1-14) David finally acknowledged that he had sinned after Nathan confronted him.
I. DAVID ASKED GOD REPEATEDLY TO FORGIVE HIM
1. David asked God to:
a. have mercy upon him
b. blot out his transgressions.
2. David based his requests upon God's "lovingkindness" and "tender mercies."
B. (vs.2) David asked God to wash and cleanse him.
C. (vs.7) David asked God to purge and wash him.
D. (vs.9) David asked God to hide His face from his sins and to blot out his iniquities.
E. (vs.10a) David asked God to create a clean heart within him.
F. (vs.14a) David asked God to deliver him from "bloodguiltiness."
II. DAVID ACCEPTED RESPONSIBILITY FOR HIS ACTIONS
A. (vs.3) David acknowledged his transgressions, and he was constantly aware of them.
B. (vs.4) David knew that he had sinned against God by transgressing His will.
C. (vs.5-6) Even though David was born into a world of iniquity, this did not excuse his behavior.
III. DAVID WANTED HIS RELATIONSHIP WITH GOD TO BE RESTORED
A. David made this request in:
B. David indicated that his relationship with God affected his worship in:
3. vs.16-17, 19.
C. David understood that his relationship with God affected other people.
1. His ability to convert sinners was affected (vs.13).
2. His ability to lead in Jerusalem was also affected (vs.18).
D. Psalm 51 illustrates the principles Solomon later recorded in Proverbs 28:13.