The Psalms 19
1. In Luke 24:44 Jesus indicated that the Psalms are part of the Old Testament Scriptures.
2. Since the Old Testament Scriptures "were written for our learning" (Romans 15:4), we need to study
the Psalms very carefully.
3. This lesson is based on Psalm 110.
a. David wrote this psalm.
1) The title identifies David as the writer.
2) Jesus also stated that David wrote it (Luke 20:42-43).
b. In this psalm, David wrote about Christ.
1) As Jesus reasoned with the Pharisees, He indicated that David wrote about "Christ"
2) Peter applied Psalm 110:1 to Jesus (Acts 2:32-36).
3) Psalm 110:1 is also applied to Jesus in Hebrews 1:8, 13; 10:9-13.
c. In writing about Christ in Psalm 110, David recorded several statements that God made about Jesus.
1) God spoke to Jesus about His position as:
a) "King" (vs.1-3)
b) "Priest" (vs.4).
2) These statements harmonize with Zechariah's prophecy (6:12-13) that Jesus would occupy both
I. GOD SPOKE TO JESUS ABOUT HIS POSITION AS "KING"
A. (vs.1-3) God spoke to Jesus about:
1. His position "at my right hand" (vs.1)
2. His power and His "rule" (vs.2)
3. His "people" (vs.3).
B. (vs.5-7) As King, Christ would be victorious over His enemies (1 Corinthians 15:25-26).
II. (vs.4) GOD SPOKE TO JESUS ABOUT HIS POSITION AS "PRIEST"
A. God's statement is true and dependable.
1. He swore it (Hebrews 6:13-18).
2. He will not "repent" [change His mind].
B. God said that Jesus is a Priest:
2. "after the order of Melchizedek."
C. Melchizedek is mentioned in Genesis 14:18-20.
1. He served as "king of Salem" and "the priest of the most high God."
2. He blessed Abraham when he returned from rescuing Lot.
3. Abraham acknowledged his greatness by paying him tithes.
4. This information and several additional matters are discussed in Hebrews 7:1-10.
D. Jesus' priesthood is mentioned in connection with Melchizedek a number of times in Hebrews.
1. (5:1-10) Comparing Jesus to the Jewish high priests illustrates His superiority as High Priest.
2. From 7:11 we learn why appointing a priest after the order of Melchizedek was necessary.
3. In order for Jesus to be called after the order of Melchizedek, a change of law was necessary (7:12-22).
4. Jesus will serve His people as a perfect High Priest forever (7:23-28).