The Sermon on the Mount 06
1. In Matthew 5:21-48 Jesus dealt with 5 important subjects: how to treat a brother, adultery, swearing,
revenge, and how to treat enemies.
2. In dealing with these subjects Jesus first mentioned what the Jews had been taught, and then He
revealed His will (vs.21-22, vs.27-28, vs.33-34, vs.38-39, vs.43-44).
3. As we study these matters we must:
a. remember what Jesus said in vs.19-20
b. do what the Lord says, regardless of what we may have been taught (Acts 17:11).
4. With this information before us, let us consider what Jesus said about having proper relationships with
our fellow man (Matthew 5:21-26).
I. (vs.21) JESUS BEGAN BY DEALING WITH WHAT THE JEWS HAD HEARD
A. Murder was forbidden by the Law of Moses (Exodus 20:13).
B. The punishment for murder was death (Exodus 21:12).
C. The Jews interpreted Moses' law to mean that they could do just about anything they wanted to other
people as long as they did not murder them.
D. However, this interpretation actually contradicted the law (Leviticus 19:17-18).
E. After dealing with what the Jews had heard from their teachers, . . .
II. (vs.22) JESUS GAVE HIS LAW
A. Whoever is angry with his brother without a cause will be in danger of the judgment (Ephesians 4:26-27).
B. Whoever says "Raca" [an insult: a senseless, empty-headed man] to his bother will be in danger of
C. Whoever says, "Thou fool" will be in danger of hell fire.
1. Fool (general): a foolish person, one who lacks wisdom
2. Fool (specific): "a godless person" [a term of condemnation]
3. "Fool," in itself, is not necessarily bad.
4. However, it is wrong when it is said with the intention of condemning someone.
D. Jesus dealt with some matters that the Jews overlooked because of their interpretation of "Thou shalt
E. The Lord's law deals with the heart -- not just outward action.
III. (vs.23-24) JESUS WENT ON TO SHOW THAT HAVING RIGHT RELATIONSHIPS WITH OUR
FELLOW MAN IS A CONDITION OF ACCEPTABLE WORSHIP
A. Before we can worship God acceptably we must be reconciled with those who have something against
B. Several of the Beatitudes relate to this command (vs.5, 7, 9).
C. If we will follow this principle, personal problems between brethren will not exist because they will be
taken care of (Romans 12:18).
D. However, it takes both parties wanting to reconcile before peace can exist.
IV. (vs.25-26) JESUS TALKED ABOUT SETTLING MATTERS BEFORE THEY GO TOO FAR
1. Some of the Lord's instructions in this sermon are challenging, and we may not be accustomed to
doing things His way.
2. However, if we want to go to heaven, we must do things the Lord's way.
3. See 1 John 4:20-21